DATE – 18th & 19th JUNE
What an interesting huge city! stayed here for 2 nights as we arrived late on the first night and we knew there was a lot to see.
A bit of Hamburg history…
Did you know that Hamburg has more bridges than Venice, Amsterdam and London put together? Who would have thought! There are 2500 bridges in the city…
Hamburg is Europe’s third-largest port.
The city enjoys a very high quality of living, being ranked 19th in the 2019 Mercer Quality of Living Survey.
Hamburg is offically known as the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg and the 2nd largest city in Germany
Hamburg is also a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions.
Hamburg’s rivers and canals are crossed by around 2,500 bridges, making it the city with the highest number of bridges in Europe.
In 1189, by imperial charter, Frederick I “Barbarossa” granted Hamburg the status of a Free Imperial City and tax-free access (or free-trade zone) up the Lower Elbe into the North Sea. In 1265, an allegedly forged letter was presented to or by the Rath of Hamburg.
This charter, along with Hamburg’s proximity to the main trade routes of the North Sea and Baltic Sea, quickly made it a major port in Northern Europe.
Its trade alliance with Lübeck in 1241 marks the origin and core of the powerful Hanseatic League of trading cities.
On 8 November 1266, a contract between Henry III and Hamburg’s traders allowed them to establish a hanse in London. This was the first time in history that the word hanse was used for the trading guild of the Hanseatic League.
There is so much history to this amazing city!
Hamburg was destroyed and occupied several times.
In 845, 600 Viking ships sailed up the River Elbe and destroyed Hamburg, at that time a town of around 500 inhabitants.
In 1030, King Mieszko II Lambert of Poland burned down the city.
Valdemar II of Denmark raided and occupied Hamburg in 1201 and in 1214.
The Black Death killed at least 60% of the population in 1350. Hamburg experienced several great fires in the medieval period
Hamburg was one of the main Administrative divisions of the Nazi regime from 1934 to 1945.
During the Second World War, Hamburg suffered a series of Allied air raids which devastated much of the city and the harbour.
On 23 July 1943, Royal Air Force (RAF) and United States Army Air Force (USAAF) firebombing created a firestorm which spread from the Hauptbahnhof (main railway station) and quickly moved south-east, completely destroying entire boroughs. Thousands of people perished in these densely populated working class boroughs.
The RV Park we stayed at for 2 nights was very small and cramped but it was what we needed with clean amenities
St Michaelis Church
St Michaelis Church – An unusual history
The history of the St. Michaelis church is a story of calamity and perseverance. In the three centuries since the church was first erected, it has been completely destroyed multiple times, only to then be rebuilt better than it was before.
The first church of St. Michaelis was completed in 1685. As the first church in Hamburg built after the Reformation, it was not only the newest and the largest, but also the first Evangelical Lutheran church without a Catholic past. Half a century later, in 1750, the church was struck by lightning and burned down. This was not taken as a bad omen and a decade later, a new, baroque church was built in its place. In 1906 another fire, this time caused by a blow lamp in the wood tower, completely destroyed the building.
Between 1906 and 1912 a third church was built using the old plans but, this time, reinforcing the construction with steel and concrete. Just 30 years later severe damages were caused by air raids during the Second World War. Again, St. Michaelis persevered. The church was reconsecrated in 1952 and has since undergone complete restoration.https://theculturetrip.com/europe/germany/articles/a-brief-introduction-to-st-michaelis-church/
St Peter’s Church
St. Peter’s Church was first documented in 1195. The building you see today was built in 1849 after the previous building burned down in the Great Fire of 1842. Today’s building is not a post-war reconstruction, like so many of Hamburg’s other churches. St. Peter’s survived World War II with relatively little damage.
Hamburg Aims to Become a Car-Free City Within 20 Years
Hamburg is currently working on a plan that would eliminate the need for cars within the next 15-20 years, making the city a greener, healthier and more pleasant place to live. The city’s proposed Grünes Netz, or “Green Network” will create pedestrian and cycle paths to connect the city’s existing, substantial green spaces, and provide safe, car-free commuter routes for all residents
Hamburg’s Green Network will be constructed over the next 15-20 years, and it will create car-free paths between all major parks, playgrounds, community gardens, and cemeteries in Hamburg. The resulting network will cover 40% of Germany’s second-largest city, and it should enable commuters and tourists alike to navigate the once-car-dependent city entirely by bicycle and on foot.
The goals of the Green Network are multiple. On one end, Hamburg recognizes the need to change in the face of global warming; in the past 60 years they city’s median temperature has increased by 1.2 degrees Celsius to 9 degrees Celsius, and sea levels have risen by 20 centimeters—and they’re expected to increase another 30 centimeters by 2100. While a car-free city will undoubtedly do much to lower C02 emissions, the expanded green spaces that will fall along the new, green paths will also help to alleviate flooding in the event of heavy rainfall or superstormshttps://inhabitat.com/hamburg-announces-plans-to-become-a-car-free-city-within-20-years/
The Chilehaus – was built in 1920s, the Iconic Brick Impressionist building was one of my favourites in Hamburg! Its built to resemble a ship and is a 10 storey office building in the Kontorhaus District
We walked into the courtyard and couldnt believe our eyes and all 3 of us fell in love immediately with the design and the details of this gorgeous building!
St Niholas Church
The Church of St. Nicholas (German: St.-Nikolai-Kirche) was a Gothic Revival cathedral that was formerly one of the five Lutheran Hauptkirchen (main churches) in the city of Hamburg, Germany. The original chapel, a wood building, was completed in 1195. It was replaced by a brick church in the 14th century, which was eventually destroyed by fire in 1842. The church was completely rebuilt by 1874, and was the tallest building in the world from 1874 to 1876.
The bombing of Hamburg in World War II destroyed the bulk of the church. The removal of the rubble left only its crypt, its site and tall-spired tower, largely hollow save for a large set of bells. These ruins continue to serve as a memorial and an important architectural landmark. When Hamburg residents mention the Nikolaikirche, it is generally to this church that they are referring, and not the new Hauptkirche dedicated to Saint Nicholas in the Harvestehude district. The remains of the old church are the second-tallest structure in Hamburg. In 2005, an elevator was installed to a 75.3-metre-high (247 ft) platform.
As soon as I saw this building I fell in love with the Neo-Renaissance architectural style and had to go inside to explore!
Actually, while we were looking from the outside we heard some screams and a ruckus and some random man who was standing right next to me picked up a rock (a fairly large one) and screamed something and threw it at one of the downstair windows, police came running and he went running off, they didnt catch him
This building was Constructed from 1886 to 1897
After the old city hall was destroyed in the great fire of 1842, it took almost 44 years to build a new one.
The present building was designed by a group of seven architects, led by Martin Haller. Construction started in 1886 and the new city hall was inaugurated in 1897. Its cost was 11 million German gold marks, about €80 million.
The courtyard has this beautiful fountain and is dedicated to the Cholera epidemic in 1892, it is of Hygieia who is the goddess of health and hygiene and the surrounding figures represent the power and pureness of the water.
Its all in the DETAILS…
All in all, Hamburg is just such an amazing place to explore, I couldnt get enough! so many historical buildings as well as modern buildings which are so wild and out there, they are different from the usual “modern”buildings im used to in Aus where they are simply straightforward and boring to be honest, the buildings here all seem to have their own “PZZAZZ” to themm for that reason alone, I would say, come and explore Hamburg, check out the original buildings, the 2400 bridges and learn from their leadership into the future by becoming one of the first to be a no-car zone in the city centre, geez I love these innovative Germans!